Old Students:


Ruth Getter, Senior Vice-president and Chief Economist of Toronto Dominion Bank

“In principle, Canada easily could close the gap with American productivity and living standards, says the chief economist of the TD Bank. "Just act like them," says Ruth Getter. A TD senior vice-president who holds American and Canadian citizenships, she lived in Boston for 20 years. "To get as rich as the U.S., all we have to do is work a lot harder, value making money above everything else, allow employers to fire workers on two weeks' notice even if they've been there 30 years, that sort of thing."

But Canadians should remember that money is not the measure of everything, Ms. Getter advises. "Personally, I could make more in the States. I work in Toronto because life is better here. It's more humane, less of a grind, less of a constant dog-eat-dog environment. But superior civility doesn't show up on economic charts." On the other hand, the chief economist insists, Canadians cannot afford to let the income disparities between the two countries grow any wider or they will find themselves in truly serious trouble. "A gap we can live with but not an ever-widening gap. The federal government must reduce taxes." BCR

"The Canadian economy is in the best shape it has been in more than a decade, and from an economist's point of view, this is about as good as it gets,'' says Ruth Getter, Senior Vice President and Chief Economist at TD Bank Financial Group. ``The Canadian economy is firing on all cylinders now -- with consumers, businesses, exports and governments all contributing to a well-balanced economic performance.'' Canadians can look forward to a steady improvement in the economy and in the job market, as well as low inflation and low interest rates in 1999 and 2000.




Prof. Wolfram Schrettl Ph.D.

Freie Universität Berlin
Garystr. 55 (Raum 101a)
14195 Berlin

Freitag 10.00-12.00
Bitte vorher per e-mail anmelden.


Tel. +49 30 838 57037
Fax +49 30 838 52072


Wolfram Schrettl, Leiter der Abteilung Weltwirtschaft im DIW, Berlin

State Representative
Demetrios Giannaros

Serving Farmington's 21st Assembly District

56 Basswood Road
Farmington, CT 06032
(860) 674-9543

At the Capitol:

Legislative Office Building, Room 3101
Hartford, CT 06106-1591
(860) 240-8585


F:\Old_students\State Representative Demetrios Giannaros.htm



Scott Aguais, Director, Credit Risk Solutions at Algorithmics

About Algorithmics
Algorithmics was founded in 1989 in response to the complex issues surrounding financial risk management for the enterprise. Today, as a leading provider with one of the largest and most experienced teams in the industry, Algorithmics continues to focus its efforts on creating and implementing enterprise risk management software that meets the evolving needs of its customers. Continuing its tradition of leading the way in risk measurement and management tools and processes, Algorithmics has introduced Mark-To-Future™ (MtF™), a new risk-reward management framework, which recently won Risk magazine's Technology Development of the Year award for 2001. Headquartered in Toronto, with 16 offices around the world, Algorithmics serves more than 120 global clients with 150 installations in 26 countries.


Dr. Scott Aguais, Director of Credit Solutions, is responsible

for developing and implementing Algorithmics' substantial

research, product development and marketing effort for credit

risk products for the banking book within financial

institutions. Dr. Aguais has 12 years of experience developing

and implementing banking book credit risk models and he

holds a B.A. in Economics Cum Laude, from the University of

Colorado, and an M.A. and Ph.D. in Economics from Boston

University. He joined Algorithmics in the spring of 2000,

following a distinguished career with KPMG, AMS and

DRI/McGraw-Hill. He is based in Toronto.


Senator Dr. Abdul Hafeez Shaikh
Federal Minister For Privatisation & Investment

Dr. Abdul Hafeez Shaikh, has taken oath of the office of the Federal Minister for Privatisation on April 8, 2003. He is an economist of international repute, who earlier took charge of the office of the Advisor to the Prime Minister on Privatisation & Investment with a status of Federal Minister on December 9, 2002. He is also the Chairman of Board of Privatisation Commission. He took oath as member of the Senate of Pakistan on March 12, 2003.

Dr. Shaikh has over 20 years experience in policymaking and management. Before joining the Federal Government as Advisor to the PM, he was serving in the Sindh Government as Minister for Finance, Planning and Development. He remained country head of the World Bank in Saudi Arabia and also led assignments and advised more than 18 countries of Europe, Latin America, Asia and Africa as senior World Bank official. Some of these countries include Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Jordan, Qatar, Malta, Botswana, Tanzania, Ghana, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Romania, Czech Republic and Argentina. Before joining the World Bank, he worked at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He has a Ph. D in economics and authored many publications including a book on ‘Argentina’s Privatisation’. He also led the teams for successful privatisation in many countries in the field of telecommunication, electricity, transport, aviation, banking and manufacturing.

Dr. Hafeez Shaikh had a successful tenure as Minister for Finance, Planning & Development in Sindh Province. He was the architect of the financial recovery of Sindh, restoring financial discipline and reducing taxes, increasing revenues, paying over Rs. 20 billion of old bills, clearing the over draft of State Bank of Pakistan of Rs. 11 billion, increasing allocation for poverty alleviation, social sector and development and enhancing relationship of Sindh Government with international donor agencies.


Farewell to Dr. Gnanathurai of ADB

Dr. Gnanathurai, the Resident Representative of ADB in Tashkent, was given a farewell dinner by the PFU/ICARDA-CAC on the occasion of his leaving Tashkent for Manila. It must be mentioned that Dr. Gnanathurai, while in Tashkent, provided excellent support to the S&W-CA project and its activities. He will take over as an Assistant Chief Economist at ADB Headquarters in Manila. Thank you Dr. Gnanathurai and best wishes to you in your new assignment.

Mr. V.N. Gnanathurai

Assistant Chief Economist

Statistics and Data Systems Division

Asian Development Bank

6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City

0401 Metro Manila


Fax : (632) 636 2370, 636 2356

Email: vgnanathurai@adb.


Economic Unit Chief of the World Bank Office, Beijing, Mr. Deepak Bhattasali's

A commentator from the World Bank Beijing Office, Mr. Deepak Bhattasali, Chief of the Economics Unit and Lead Economist gave some final remarks.
He emphasized the significant weight of the SME sector in the economies across the regions, and pointed out that macro-economic management, financial sector policies, and removal of regulatory obstacles to SMEs will always be key issues.
After calling the attention of the participants to pitfalls of industrial policies and direction of credits, he stressed that introduction of more resources on equity finance to SMEs is a long-term agenda, not only looking at debt finance. He also gave an insightful opinion that entrepreneurship by small firms should be converted to management in either strategic, functional, or technical areas, so that SMEs can grow into viable enterprises that ensure sustainable job creation.

Alamgir  Dr. Alamgir, an economist, was the State Minister for Planning of the
immediate-past administration in Bangladesh.

I am writing to enlist your support to free our father, Dr. Muhiuddin Khan
Alamgir, currently imprisoned in Bangladesh without any charges, and
tortured routinely by police and other agents of the Bangladesh government.
Amnesty International issued an Urgent Action Needed Appeal on March 27,
2002 on behalf of the victim. Your help is crucial.

On March 16, our father was arrested without any specific charges. He came
to visit us, his two sons, in the United States, and was detained upon
return to Bangladesh. The arrest was "politically motivated," as Amnesty
reports, and the government proclaimed that he would be tried for treason.
He has been kept imprisoned under inhuman conditions, without access to his
essential medications or to safe drinking water. He is intimidated and
tortured routinely in his cell by hooded and masked agents, beginning at
midnight and carried on through dawn. He is routinely refused bail, a move
unprecedented given the lack of formal charges against him. His trial has
been marred by gross deviations from due process including the government’s
outright violation of court orders. His lawyers have never been able to get
full access to him. More information on his background and torture, along
with excerpts from Amnesty's appeal, are posted on






Fernando Aramburu Porras
Ministry of Finance and Economy
Via Espana, Edificio Ogawa, Piso 3
Phone: 269-4133, Fax 269-2434


IRHE ex-manager Fernando Aramburu

Instituto de Recursos Hidraulicos y Electrificacion (IRHE),
(National Power and Light Company)
Director General,  Fernando Aramburu Porras
P.O. Box 5285
Panama 5, Republic of Panama
Tel:     (507) 227-2240
Fax:     (507) 262-9294
E-mail: dei@sinfo.net



Water behind the La Fortuna hydroelectric plant in the western province of Chiriqui, is only five metres above critical level. If it does not rain this week, the plant will go out of service, warned its director, Fernando Aramburu.



Aris Othman

July 3 2003

Malaysia Airports
Malaysia Airports Holdings Bhd has named Aris Othman as its new chairman on June 6, succeeding Basir Ismail who has retired after 11 years.

Malaysia Airports also announced the appointment of Bashir Ahmad Abdul Majid as the company’s managing director. The post was left vacant after the resignation of Othman Mohd Rijal in March 2001.

Prior to his appointment, Aris was chief executive of state development bank Bank Pembangunan dan Infrastruktur Malaysia Bhd. Bashir is a former vice president of national carrier Malaysia Airlines




Arturo Montenegro


Dr. Arturo Montenegro

Secretario General

Secrearía de Planificación y

Programación de la Presidencia

Tel. (502) 251-4549/251-3887

Fax. (502) 253-3127






Guatemala Fact Sheet
December 2001

Head of State and Government:
President: Alfonso Portillo
Minister of Foreign Relations: Gabriel Orellana Rojas
Minister of Finance: Eduardo Weymann Fuentes
Minister of Economy: Arturo Montenegro
Minister of Defence: Alvaro Mendez Estrada
Main Political Parties: (113 of seats in Chamber

17 de agosto de 2001;

Dr. Arturo Montenegro
Secretario General Secrearía de Planificación y Programación de la ...


Dr. Arturo Montenegro
Licda. Karin Jahr de Guerrero
Secretario de Planificación y
Subdirectora de la División de
Programación de la Presidencia
América Central y el Caribe en
el Ministerio Federal de Cooperación Económica y de
Desarrollo (BMZ)
Anexo 1



El Dr. Arturo Montenegro, director de la Comisión Económica para América Latina (CEPAL),







CBK director of research Aloys Ayako, (Central Bank of Kenya) 1 Juillet 2003

According to CBK chief economist, Aloys Ayako Tuesday August 26, 2003











GIULIO MARTINI, Chief International Economist and Senior Portfolio Manager of Global Value

Equities for Alliance Bernstein

Friday, January 24

Mr. Martini joined Bernstein in 1985 as a senior economist concentrating on US research. He assumed his current role of senior portfolio manager and international economist in 1992. He is a member of the firm’s Global, Global Balanced, International and Emerging Markets Value  Investment Policy Groups. He is also a member of the Canadian Fixed-Income, Canadian, European and UK Equity Investment Policy Groups. Prior to joining the firm, he conducted economic research for the Institute for Employment Policy at Boston University for three years, where he was also a lecturer in Economics. He earned a B.A. from the University of Colorado and an M.A.P.E. from Boston University. He also completed all course and examination requirements for the Ph.D. program at Boston University.


Taufiq Ali


H.E. Dr. Toufiq Ali

> ---------------
>VATICAN CITY, DEC 6, 2001 (VIS) - This morning the Holy Father collectively
>received Letters of Credence from ten new ambassadors to the Holy See one
>of whom, the Swiss ambassador, is on special mission. At the close of his
>address, the Pope gave each of the diplomats a letter written in their own
>language and dealing with matters specific to their particular countries.
> The new ambassadors are Toufiq Ali of Bangladesh, Barkat Gourad Hamadou
>of Djibouti, Antti Hynnien of Finland, Zemede Tekle Woldetatios of Eritrea,
>Amiran Kavadze of Georgia, Seymour Rehaulele Kikine of Lesotho, Christine
>Nyinawumwami Umutoni of Rwanda, Mohunlall Goburdhun of Mauritius, Moussa
>Coulibaly of Mali and Hansrudolf Hoffman of Switzerland.


2nd September 2001
Permanent Representative of Bangladesh to the United Nations Office at GenevaF



Toufiq ALI, Ambassador, Permanent Representative, Permanent Mission, Geneva


\Old_students\Taufiq Ali\79B2D99830FFD3AF41256ABD0058DCCE.htm

BANGLADESH--Embassy of the People's Republic of Bangladesh
Chancery: 2201 Wisconsin Ave. NW. 20007 (342-8372 to 8376)
  February 1995
     His Excellency Humayun KABIR; Mrs. Nasreen F. Kabir 
        Ambassador E. and P.
     Dr. Toufiq ALI; Mrs. Firdaus Ali


Randall Bluffstone
Assistant Professor
ext. 2607   Randy_Bluffstone@Redlands.edu

University of Redlands is a private liberal arts and sciences university, consistently ranked among the best universities in the nation by U.S. News & World Report.

Founded in 1907, the University historically has been committed to a mission dedicated to the individual student and an innovative academic program.

University of Redlands  1200 East Colton Avenue, P.O. 3080, Redlands, CA 92373-0999   Tel: 909-793-2121   Fax: 909-793-2029

Jagadeesh Gokhale is a senior economic advisor in the Research Department. His principal fields of activity are macroeconomics (fiscal policy) and applied micreconomics (labor productivity and compensation).

Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland


Jagadeesh Gokhale received his doctorate in Economics from Boston University in 1990, and currently works in the areas of public finance, macroeconomics, and applied macroeconomics. His work has focused on Social Security’s tax-treatment of postwar generations, the impact of fiscal policies on the distribution of wealth both, within and across generations, and the factors underlying the long-term decline in U.S. national saving. He has also studied how worker productivity and compensation vary with age, the nature of wage contracts across different types of workers, and whether wage and employment contracts affect or are affected by hostile takeovers.

Dr. Gokhale has published articles for the Quarterly Journal of Economics, the Journal of Economic Perspectives, the Review of Economics and Statistics, and various publications of the National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, Mass.


Neva R. Goodwin, Co-Director  Global Development and Enviroment Institute  at TuftsTufts

Neva Goodwin received a Masters' degree in Public Administration from Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government ('82) and holds a Ph.D. in Economics from Boston University ('87). As Co-Director of the Global Development And Environment Institute, she has supervised the six-volume project, Frontier Issues in Economic Thought, and is editing a Michigan Press series, Evolving Values for a Capitalist World. Dr. Goodwin is now focusing on the introductory economics textbook, Microeconomics in Context, which she co-authored for initial use in transitional economies (Russia and Vietnam). She is working with Julie Nelson on a revised edition for use in the United States, and is commencing work on the companion, Macroeconomics in Context.




Unidade da Federação:

Natureza do Vínculo:

Regime de Trabalho no Grupo:

Titulação máxima:

Grande Are/Area/Sub-Area/Especialidades do Conhecimento:

Linhas de Pesquisa:

Linha de Pesquisa 1


Cursos de Pós-Graduação dos quais participa:

Curso 1



Nível do curso: Mestrado

Dados do Grupo de Pesquisa




Following the recent death of the former governor of the Bank of Tanzania (BoT), the Tanzanian central bank, Gilman Rutihinda, Idris Rashidi has been nominated to replace him in this post. (...). [Total : 134 Words].



Work Address
Global Development and Environment Institute
Cabot Center, Tufts University
Medford, Massachusetts 02155
tel: (617) 627-5470 or 627-3530
FAX: (617) 627-2409 e-mail: jonathan.harris@tufts.edu


Mr. Nicola FAVIA
Senior Economist
Prime Minister’s Office,
Department of Economic Affairs



Kathleen Carey Ph.D.
Job Title: Economist
Institution: VA Management Science Group, Edith Nourse Rogers Memorial Veterans Hospital

200 Springs Road
Bedford,  MA 01730

Telephone: (781) 687-2140
Fax: (781) 687-2376
E-mail: Kathleen.Carey@med.va.gov

BUSPH Health Economics Program

of the health services department



Health Economics Program

KATHLEEN CAREY, Ph.D. is an economist with the VA Management Science Group. Her primary research interest is the study of hospital and other health care costs with particular emphasis on comparing the performance of VA with the private sector. She has expertise in applying state-of-the-art econometric models to VA and nonfederal hospital cost analyses. Currently, she is leading the MSG effort to examine the effects of managed care on VA health care costs and comparing that to managed care effects outside the VA. Recent research papers include:

"On Measuring the Hospital Cost/Quality Trade-off", 1999, (co-authored with James Burgess),
Health Economics, forthcoming.
"Stochastic Demand for Hospitals and Optimizing >Excess= Bed Capacity", 1998, Journal of
Regulatory Economics, 14: 165-187.
"A Panel Data Design for Estimation of Hospital Cost Functions," 1997, Review of Economics
& Statistics, LXXIX: 443-453.
"Using Seminonparametric Methods to Model Hospital Cost Functions: The Multi-Product
Asymptotically Ideal Model", 1994, (co-authored with Gary Koop), The Journal of Productivity Analysis, 5: 141-159.
Under Review:
"A Multilevel Modeling Approach to Analysis of Patient Costs Under Managed Care"
"Hospital Costing: Experience from the VHA,"(co-authored with James Burgess)
"Hospital Cost Containment and Length of Stay: An Econometric Analysis"


Education and Appointments
Dr. Stefos is an Assistant Professor of Health Services at the School of Public Health. He received his PhD in Economics from Boston University with a specialization in industrial organization and econometrics. He has a joint appointment with the Management Sciences Group of the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) in Bedford, MA.







Áreas de interés: Macroeconomía, Política y Programación Económica, Desarrollo Financiero.

Cursos: Política Económica, Programación Económica y Financiera

Ingeniero Civil, Universidad Católica del Perú, Master en Planificación Urbana y Regional, Universidad de Nueva York, Master y Ph.D. en Economía, Boston University.

Ha sido profesor de las Universidades Católica y del Pacífico del Perú y de la Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales en Ecuador, Gerente General del Banco Central del Perú, Vice-Ministro de Planificación del Perú, consultor de varios organismos internacionales y Asesor Económico del FMI en los Bancos Centrales de Guinea Bissau y Angola. Actualmente es Profesor y Director del Programa de Posgrado en Economía en la Pontifica Universidad Javeriana




Research Fellow

Ahmed Galal is an Egyptian national with a Ph.D in Economics from Boston University, USA. Dr. Galal is now Director of the Egyptian Center for Economic Studies, on leave from the World Bank, where he acts as Principal Economist at the Finance and Private Sector Development Division. He has been with the World Bank since 1984 in various capacities such as Industrial Economist, Public Enterprise Specialist, and Senior Economist. Dr. Galal is a member of the American Economic Association and has participated in numerous conferences and World Bank missions. His extensive publications have focused primarily on public sector reform, regulation of monopolies, international trade, new institutional economics, as well as privatization issues and their socioeconomic implications.


For Contact:




Name : Ahmed Galal
Date of birth :  November 21, 1948
Nationality : Egyptian
Home Address : 2205 California Street, NW, #604, Washington, D.C., 20008
Telephone :   (202) 387-6848
fax : (202) 332-4250
Office Address : The World Bank, Room Q7-017 1818 H Street NW Washington DC 20433
Telephone :  (202) 458-2172
Fax :  (202) 522-3181



Economic Advisor

Private Sector Development Department, The World Bank, current position

Executive Director & Director of Research

The Egyptian Center for Economic Studies, Cairo, Egypt, 1996-98.   

Principal Economist

Policy Research Department, The World Bank, 1995.

Senior Economist

Policy Research Department, The World Bank, 1991-94

Public Enterprise specialist

Country Economics Department, The World Bank, 1988-91.

Industrial Economist

Europe, Middle East and North Africa Region, 1984-87.


Economics Department, Boston University, 1981-83.   

Senior Economist

Omar Seif El Din & Sons, private consulting firm, Egypt, 1979-81.

Financial Manager

Allam-Franki-Blaton, private Egyptian-Belgian firm, Egypt, 1975-78.

Financial Auditor

Bank of Cairo, Egypt, 1973-75.


American Economic Association, Member
Economic Research Forum for the Arab Countries, Turkey and Iran, Research Fellow
Ford Foundation, Member of Committee for Middle East Research Competition

The Egyptian Center for Economic Studies, Board Member

American-Egyptian Chamber of Commerce, Member





Mr. Shah Ghulam Qadir Minister Finance;    Jammu and Kashmir





Hugo Lavados
© Ph.D. en Economía, Boston University

Gerente General Habitacoop



Jorge Rodriguez Grossi
Minister of Economy

Ministry of Economy

Né le 24 octobre 1947
Marié - deux enfants


1952 - 1964
École du Sacré-Cœur de Valparaiso et Viña del Mar

1965 - 1970
Études supérieures de commerce. Option Économie Université du Chili

1974 - 1976
Master of Art in Economics
Master of Art in Latin American Development Studies
Ph.D. en Économie (c.)
Université de Boston. USA.


Depuis juillet 1997
Directeur Général, Entreprise d'Électricité Guacolda S.A.

Depuis 1998
Président de la commission de surveillance du fonds d'investissement en capital de risque CHILETECH

Depuis septembre 2000
Conseiller de la Fundación Chile en tant que représentant du gouvernement chilien

1995 - juin 1997
Directeur du développement de la Fundación Chile

1994 - juin 1997
Président du Directoire de l'entreprise d'Électricité Guacolda S.A.

Mars - septembre 1994
Sous-Secrétaire du Développement régional au ministère de l'Intérieur du Chili

Février - mars 1994
Président exécutif de la Corporation du cuivre CODELCO

1991 - 1994
Sous-Secrétaire, ministère des Finances, et coordinateur de projets avec la Banque Mondiale, la Banque Interaméricaine de Développement et les Crédits externes publics en général

1990 - 1991
Conseiller du ministre des Finances, coordinateur de projets avec la Banque Mondiale, la Banque Interaméricaine de Développement et les Crédits externes publics en général

1990 - 1994
Secrétaire exécutif du Comité ministériel économique et social

1991 - 1994
Président du Directoire de l'entreprise COTRISA.

1991 - 1994
Membre du Directoire de l'entreprise METRO S.A.

1980 - 1990
Consultant pour la Banque Mondiale, le BID, la CEPAL, l'UNICEF, l'ILPES, le PREALC, et d'autres organismes sur les thèmes liés à la dépense publique, aux secteurs sociaux, l'économie des politiques sociales et la pauvreté.


Professeur d'Économie, Université jésuite Alberto Hurtado. Chili

1998 - août 2000
Doyen de la Faculté d'Économie et Administration, Université jésuite Alberto Hurtado. Chili

1987 - 1990
Fondateur, directeur et professeur dans le programme du post diplôme en Économie de l'ILADES, Université de Georgetown. USA

1985 - 1987
Professeur dans le Programme du post diplôme en Économie à l'Institut Di Tella de Buenos Aires, en évaluation sociale de projets. Argentine

1973 - 1980
Professeur - chercheur au Département d'économie de l'Université du Chili





Riaz Riazuddin


Research Department

State Bank of Pakistan

Central Directorate








Farhan Sabih

Position Title:

Assistant Resident Representative


UNDP Pakistan

Street Address:

Saudi-Pak Tower, 9


floor, Islamabad, Pakistan

E-mail address:








SIMIN LITKOUHI                          
ROOM 4101                                 
505 VAN NESS AVENUE                       

SAN FRANCISCO, CA  94102-3214            


Swati Mukerjee, Associate Professor

BA, Delhi University; MA (Economics), Delhi School of Economics, Delhi University; MA (Political Economy); PhD, Boston University.


Experience includes teaching at the Delhi School of Economics and serving as civil servant with the government of India for several years. She was economist to the Wages and Price Commission appointed by the Indian government. Experience in the U.S. includes teaching at Boston University, Wellesley College, University of Massachusetts (Boston), and Trinity University (San Antonio). Areas of interest: applied macro and microeconomics, development economics, international trade and econometrics. Presented papers at the National Business Economics Research Institute, World Bank, Atlantic Economics Association, Eastern Economics Association and the Association of Indian Economic Studies. Articles have appeared in the Journal of Productivity Analysis, Journal of Developing Areas, Economic Political Weekly, Asian Thought and Society: An International Review, and in National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) publications. Currently studying the U.S. day-care industry.

Office: Adamian Graduate Center Room 183

Bentley College


Vol. 4, No. 3 1999




ESCAP at A Glance

United Nations News

UN Focus is published four times a year by the UN Information Services (UNIS) in Bangkok.

For further information please contact:
Chief, UNIS, ESCAP, UN Building,
Rajadamnern Nok Avenue, Bangkok 10200, Thailand.
Tel. (66-2) 288-1861-7, Fax: (66-2) 288-1052
Internet: unisbkk.unescap@un.org
Homepage: http://www.unescap.org/

The view of expressed in the newsletter do not necessarily reflect the official views or policies of the United Nations. Information from the newsletter may be freely reproduced.

Back to contents


In preparation for the Millenium Assembly of the United Nations, the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) recently held a Regional Hearing for Asia and the pacific in Tokyo, on 9-10 September 1999.  Hosted by the Government of Japan, the Asia-Pacific Hearing was the fifth in a series of regional meetings held to discuss the challenges facing the United Nations in the twenty-first century.

The Tokyo Hearing focused on issues of particular interest to the region such as peace and security, economic and social development, human rights and good governance.

It was attended by distinguished representatives of  civil society and representatives member States of the ESCAP region.

Mr. Adrianus Mooy, Executive Secretary of ESCAP, delivery
a keynote address at the Regional Hearing  for Asia and the
Pacific Region held in Tokyo from 9-10 September 1999.

One of the conclusions of the Hearing was that a more  people-oriented ‘holistic' United Nations may be better able to respond to the challenges and tensions of the millenium.

Some other highlights of the outcome of the Tokyo Hearing are as follows:

  • The issues of peace, security, development and human rights and good governance are closely inter-linked, and as a unique Organization with universal membership and democratic structure and mechanisms the United Nations role is vital in dealing with these issues.  In view of the changing circumstances and emerging challenges, a revitalized UN is urgently needed.
  • Sustainable development requires a partnership between the state and the civil society (private business and NGOs).  This partnership should materialize at all levels of  social interaction:  local, national, regional and global.  The United Nations needs to strengthen its partnership framework for development.  Also, with the need of international public goods provision rising, the role of UN is critical in facilitating or providing them.
  • Human rights and good governance are critical issues of our time, the participants of the Hearing noted.  There is a strong commitment to universal values of human rights in the region.  As human rights are indivisible, the promotion of civil and political rights should be in tandem with the promotion of the right to development.
  • On peace and security, there is an unfinished agenda of disarmament such as the elimination of weapons of  mass destruction as well as new threats to peace and security in the form of international terrorism.

Back to contents



The Eighth Asia-Pacific Trade Fair (ASPAT'99 Seoul)  was organized by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) and the Korea Trade-Investment Promotion Agency (KOTRA) commissioned by the Government of the Republic of Korea at KOTRA Exhibition Centre in Seoul.

Under the theme "New Vision for the 21st Century", ASPAT'99 focused on three categories of product groups, namely electronic goods including information technology products, automotive parts and accessories; and general consumer goods such as textiles products, sporting and recreational goods.

Dignitaries cut ribbons at the opening ceremony of the English
Asia-Pacific International Trade Fair (ASPAT'99) organized by
ESCAP and the Korea Trade-Investment Promotion Agency in
Seoul, Republic of Korea from 13-17 October 1999.

The main objectives of the Fair are to promote trade expansion and economic cooperation among members and associate members of ESCAP.   In particular, ASPAT'99 aimed to promote trade and investment opportunities in the region consequent to the industrial and technology developments and the restructuring of the economies in the ESCAP region; enhance the trade and investment prospect through effective participation in international trade fairs, particularly of disadvantaged economies in transition, least developed countries (LCDs) and Pacific island developing countries (PICs); provide vision to Asia-Pacific region for the 21st  century and strengthen regional economic cooperation.

UN Working with People for New Century
The 1999 International Conference of NGOs, which took place in Seoul, Republic
of Korea in October, reaffirmed the world's NGO community to work together with
the UN for world peace.  The Seoul declaration will be part of the inputs to the
UN Millennium Summit 2000.  UN/ESCAP participated in the exhibition and other
activities in what was billed as the first world conference of NGOs to deal with
human development issues.  Photo shows Mrs Mary Robinson, UN High Commissioner
for Human Rights appealing for support for a World Conference on Racism, Racial
Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance to be held in South Africa in
Year 2001.  The Seoul conference was convened by  Kyung Hee University, the
Executive Committee of NGOs associated with the UN Department of Information
(NGOs/DPI) and the Conference of Non-governmental Organizations in
Consultative relationship with the UN (CONGO).

Back to contents



Women in business still face considerable difficulties in benefiting from the global flows of trade and investment, said Ms. Thelma Kay, Chief of the Women in Development Section of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).

"They Lack access to business networks and contacts, vital for the success of their enterprises.  They also cannot expand their business due to limited access to financial resources and new and innovative technologies," she said.

Ms. Kay was speaking at a Regional seminar on Women in Business organized in conjunction with ASPAT'99.

Twelve women entrepreneurs took part in ASPAT'99 which was held at Seoul Trade Exhibition Centre of SETEC.

"This is the eighth Fair we have sponsored and we are very prod to be able to include these women for the first time.  It is certainly very inspirational indeed to see these enterprising women participating amidst some high-tech booths," said Mr. Ravi Sawhney, Director of ESCAP's International  Trade and Economic Cooperation Division.

The women entrepreneurs were from Bangladesh, Cambodia, Fiji, India, Lao PDR, Mongolia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam.  Their participation was sponsored by the Korea Government with the support of the Korean Women's Development Institute (KWDI).

Research Fellow of the KWDI, Ms. Young-Ock Kim informed her sisters from developing countries that Korean women too faced an uphill battle to emerge as successful businesswomen.

My study notes that business women here experience considerable stress from prevailing sexist attitudes than entrepreneurs who are men.  Such biases have a direct impact on business outcomes when the women's business abilities are undermined and often surface in the marketing sphere," she said.

There was also the difficulty of getting loans and information in a male dominated business world, she said.

Measures to help these women must be supported, urged Ms. Kay.  She said that ESCAP has been actively engaged  in such activities.  "It's really good to hear that Korean women too face difficulties although this is a more developed economy than ours.  However we can all cooperate and gain inspiration and ideas from each other," said a participant from Bangladesh.

Mr. Ravi Sawhney, Director of ESCAP International
Trade and Economic Cooperation Division, chats with
one of the women entrepreneurs who participated in the
exhibition of ASPAT'99.

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H.E. Mr. Chuan Leekpai, Prime Minister of Thailand, bangs
the Thai traditional gong to open the United Nations Day Fair
which was held at the United Nations Conference Centre.

On the occasion of the fifty-fourth anniversary of the United Nations, ESCAP in collaboration with other United Nations agencies in Bangkok organized a  United Nations  Day celebration at the United Nations Conference Centre in Bangkok.

The celebration took place on Friday, 22 October 1999 with a flag-raising ceremony in  front of the United Nations Conference Centre  followed by an official ceremony which was presided by the Prime Minister of Thailand, H.E. Chuan Leekpai.  He official ceremony included the playing of the Hymn of the United Nations,  a televised UN Day statement of the United Nations Secretary-General Mr. Kofi Annan and statements of Mr. Adrianus Mooy, Executive Secretary of ESCAP and  Mr. Manaspas Xuto, President of UNAT.

The main event of the last United Nations Day before the millenium was the United Nations Day Fair which was participated by the United Nations family and the diplomatic and NGO communities in Thailand.  The theme of the Fair  was "Able and Equal" to highlight the United Nations commitment to include people with disabilities in the main stream of life.  Other highlights of the Day included a welcome performance by "wheelchair dancers", a group of disabled young men who performed in wheelchairs, as well as exhibits on the UN's work in Thailand, and handicrafts made by disabled people.

Guests appearances by Thai pop singers and musical performances by the band and choir of the International schools in Thailand.

As part of the UN Fair 1999, a special five-hour UN Film Festival was organized with sixteen UN-related films focused on such themes as child labour, AIDS, Drug control, refugees, food security, health and women.

Prime Minister of Thailand, H.E. Mr. Chuan Leekpai watches
disabled children demonstrate their painting abilities with
fascination during the UN Day Fair.

Wheelchair dancers preform at the UN Day Fair under the
theme "Able and Equal" at the United Nations Conference

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E-commerce and trade highlighted

The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) convened its Eleventh Meeting of the Steering Group of the Committee for Regional Economic Cooperation from 9-11 September 1999.

The Steering Group is a "think tank" of the ESCAP's Committee on Regional Economic Cooperation comprising representatives of governments, the private sector and academia.  Its main task is to develop innovative approaches to topical issues relating to economic cooperation and make specific recommendations.

One of the major recommendations of the Meeting was that the ESCAP secretariat should continue to provide assistance in the field trade facilitation and electronic commerce.  The meeting placed great  importance on trade facilitation and electronic commerce in enhancing micro-level efficiency in the conduct of trade in  an increasing competitive trading environment.

In addition, the Meeting recommended that the ESCAP secretariat  should use its multidisciplinary  advantage to provide assistance to economies in Central Asia and develop concrete projects in cooperation with the Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) under the Special Programme for the Economies of Central Asia (SPECA).

The Meeting had for its three-day agenda items on Case studies on the introduction of electronic commerce to facilitate trade; Integration of disadvantaged economies in transition in the industrial and technological growth momentum of the region.  In addition, a panel discussion on Asian crisis: current trends in intraregional and interregional trade flows was organized.

The meeting was attended by representatives form Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Islamic Republic of Iran, Japan, Kazakhstan, Macau, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands Pakistan, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Uzbekistan and Viet Nam.

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New Chief of ESCAP, Social Development Division

Mr. Hasudungan Tampupolan

Mr Hasudungan Tampubolon, an Indonesian national, has been appointed Chief of the Social Development Division at ESCAP effective 1 November, 1999.

Mr Tampubolon, a Ph.D in Economics from Boston University, USA,  brings years of experience to his new job. He has worked with both academic   institutions and the Indonesian Ministry of Industry and Trade, specialising in the field of social and economic development.

Apart from 19 years of teaching experience at the Department of Economics, University of Indonesia, Mr Tampubolon has worked as Deputy Governor, Bank Indonesia and Alternate Governor for the World Bank in Indonesia.

Karl Theodore






Zaidi Sattar, The World Bank, zsattar@worldbank.org



World Bank

representative Dr Zareen Naqvi,