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Santiago Levy Algazi


B.A., M.A., Ph.D,  Boston University;


General Director,

Instituto Mexicano
del Seguro Social
 

 

 Santiago has worked on economic development projects with the Inter-American Development Bank and governments around the world.

Chief economist and head of the Research Department
of the Inter-American Development Bank.  
2001 - 2002

Undersecretary for budgetary affairs
Mexican Finance Ministry
December 1994 - December 2000.

Chairman 
Mexican Federal Commission on Competitiveness
June 1993  - December 1994.

Coordinator for the Economic Deregulation Program
under the Department of Commerce
1992-1993

 

 

He has devoted many years to study of poverty, unemployment, and income distribution. Authored  at least 55 articles and monographs on  poverty reduction, competitiveness, foreign exchange policy, export imbalances, pricing, microeconomics and energy. His paper on Poverty in Mexico won the 1992 National economics Research Award of the Bank of Mexico. Paper of  Santiago Levy presented at the Latin American Conference  on Fiscal and Financial Reforms   has become the center piece for Mexico’s tax reform

 

Santiago Levy estimated that approximately three-quarters of all rural residents in the late 1980s were extremely poor.  http://countrystudies.us/mexico/57.htm

 

In 1997, Mexico began Progresa, long advocated by economists like Santiago Levy, Mexico's director general of social security. Families are sent a check every other month if their children regularly attend school in grades 3 through 9; the amount varies from about $10 a month in the third grade to $35 for girls in the ninth grade. Girls in secondary school are paid 15 percent more than are boys because girls have a higher dropout rate in Mexico. Families are also given grants to buy school supplies and monthly food subsidies if they get medical checkups, immunizations and health education Lectures. The money goes directly from the central government to the mothers of the children.  http://www.irs.princeton.edu/krueger/progressa2.htm

 

The spiritual father of Progresa is Mexico's Deputy Finance Minister, Santiago Levy. He rejects suggestions that Progresa patronises poor people. "Compared to giving a kilo of tortillas or a litre of milk as we used to do in the past, Progresa delivers purchasing power," says Levy, "But even poor parents must invest in their children's' futures, that's why the strings are attached."
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/crossing_continents/412802.stm

 

Plan Puebla-Panama: Done Deal or Emerging Flashpoint? As Mexico's Resource-Land Grab Wins Financial Backing, Public Opposition Grows.
by Wendy Call | April 9, 2002,

Under U.S. pressure to slow migration, Fox hopes the PPP will appease by drawing maquiladoras to the south and keeping more migrants at home. This posture has earned him criticism as a lackey for U.S. policymakers. It has also drawn fire for promoting the same economic privatization model espoused by the long-ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) that Fox defeated in the July 2000 presidential elections.

In fact, the PPP was originally a proposal developed by the PRI. Former PRI official (and current Fox administration authority) Santiago Levy first presented the general idea for the PPP a month before Fox's electoral victory.http://www.americaspolicy.org/articles/2002/body_0204puebla.html

 

Santiago Levy  Publications

 

1) Maize and the Free Trade Agreement between Mexico and the United States
Santiago
Levy and Sweder van Wijnbergen
World Bank Economic Review
, 1992, vol. 6, issue 3, pages 481-502

2) Transition Problems in Economic Reform: Agriculture in the North American Free Trade Agreement
Santiago
Levy and Sweder van Wijnbergen
American Economic Review
, 1995, vol. 85, issue 4, pages 738-54

3) Transition Problems in Economic Reform: Agriculture in the Mexico-US Free Trade Agreement
Santiago
Levy and Sweder van Wijnbergen

No 624, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers

Date: 1992-02

4) Labor markets, migration and welfare Agriculture in the North-American Free Trade Agreement

Santiago Levy and Sweder van Wijnbergen

Journal of Development Economics, 1994, vol. 43, issue 2, pages 263-278

 

5) Trade and foreign investment policies under imperfect competition: Lessons for developing countries

Santiago Levy and Sean Nolan

Journal of Development Economics, 1991, vol. 37, issue 1-2, pages 31-62

6) The short-term macroeconomic effects of price controls

Santiago Levy

Journal of Policy Modeling, 1991, vol. 13, issue 2, pages 157-184

7) Trade and Foreign Investment Policies Under Imperfect Competition: Lessons for Developing Countries

Santiago Levy and Sean Nolan

Boston University - Institute for Economic Development from Boston University, Institute for Economic Development

Date: 1989-11

 

8) Populism and Economic Policy in Mexico, 1970-1982

Carlos Bazdresch and Santiago Levy

Boston University - Institute for Economic Development from Boston University, Institute for Economic Development

Date: 1990-05

9) Multiple Exchange Rates and Foreign Exchange Rationing: theory and an Application to El Salvador

Santiago Levy and Roberto Rosales

Boston University - Institute for Economic Development from Boston University, Institute for Economic Development

Date: 1990-01

 

10) Mexican Agriculture in the Free Trade Agreement: Transition Problems in Economic Reform

Santiago Levy and Sweder van Wijnbergen ( cendev.contact@oecd.org)

No 63, OECD Development Centre Working Papers from OECD, Development Centre

Date: 1992-05

11) Poverty alleviation in Mexico

Santiago Levy

No 679, Policy Research Working Paper Series from The World Bank

Date: 1991-05-31

12) Transition problems in economic reform: agriculture in the Mexico - U.S. free trade agreement

Sweder van Wijnbergen and Santiago Levy

No 967, Policy Research Working Paper Series from The World Bank

Date: 1992-08-31

 

 

 

 

 

 

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