Genghis Khan  

by Hong-Gee Kim 

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Genghis Khan was one of the greatest conquerors in the history of world. He was born c. 1167 as the son of Yesugei, chief of a small tribe in northeastern Mongolia. His father was poisoned when Temujin, Genghis Khan’s name as a youth, was about 10 years old. He tried to become a chief of his tribe; however, nomads would not listen to a youngl eader. A chief from another tribe took over his tribe and captured him. He escaped from the captivity, and then entered the army of Toghri Khan, the most powerful Mongol ruler of the time. Struggle and bloodshed characterized the succeeding years until 1206, when he united the warring Mongol tribes, and was proclaimed Genghis Khan, "universal ruler" of the Mongol chieftains.


He wanted to conquer China which had always been strongest in the Asian mainland. In 1207, he began the invasions. After defeating the JIN empire in northern China, the Mongols occupied Beijing 1215. Extending their expeditions to the shores of the Caspian Sea, the Mongols totally defeated the Russian army by 1223. The empire established by Genghis Khan eventually extended from the Pacific Ocean in the east to the Black Sea in the west. Its northern and southern borders were from Siberia to the northern borders of Southeast Asia.


Mongols moved around to plunder foods and other supplies from other countries because their land was not fitted to raise crops. So, they were good at fighting. However, no one in the history of Mongolia united whole Mongols before Genghis Khan. He could conquer so many countries all over the world because he united intrepid Mongols and he controlled them with brilliant strategies.


Although he could not read, he created a system of law that probably represented more than a mere codification of existing practices. He also created a chain of command showing the ranks of soldiers. A lot of his military methods are still used today. He died on August 18, 1227, and was buried in a secret location in Mongolia.


No one in the history of the world have conquered many territories as Genghis Khan. Up to 1600s, China was the strongest country in the world. However, he was the first one who ruled whole China from out of Chinese origin. He was the only one that conquered the East and the West. He was the most famous person in the Mongol history.



The 1995 Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia






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