Publications  Income Distribution


7. Education, measured as a percent of school enrollment, is related to equality in this as in other studies [Adelman and Taft Morris(1974), Slama (1978), Ahluwalia (1976a, b)]. The regions differ in educational level. So when regional dummies are introduced education declines in statistical significance. The coefficients for education are low. Comparing countries with 10% and 90% enrollment ratios - few countries exceed those limits, since secondary schools are included - the estimated GINI differs by only 0.03, but the SHARE of the poorest 40% differs by an estimated 3.3% to 3.6%. This suggests that the spread of education benefits particularly the poorest, because in most countries much of the middle class is already educated.


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